Windows Corner

dedicated to Chris (you know who you are)
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If you must use Windows, it is vital to make sure you don't catch one of the many viruses, trojans and other nasties out there.

Make sure you have anti-virus software and keep it up to date.  From the Linux/Open Source world comes Clam-AV - webpage  This is completely free to download.  

There is also AVG free which is free for home use:

The main home page for AVG is:

Some good anti-nasty resources are:

AdAware - website

Download the free version from via the button on this page.

Spybot Search and Destroy
- website

Ensure you download the real Spybot S&D and not Spyware Doctor, which is quite a different animal!

Another absolute must - WinPatrol - website

This program runs in the background and watches for unwanted activity and also makes it easy to delete any "little strangers" you may find lurking in there.  Please read the help files (click the blue question mark icon - you need to be connected to the internet to do this).  Follow the links given - there is some very helpful information in there!  This baby is said to even be able to remove the hijackers "other programs can't reach"!

Note: Don't remove the red cookies on the left hand side of the Cookies tab page - these are there to STOP you getting these, use the View Cookies button to see what cookies you have.

ARRGH!! - Its Office 2007

If you are sent a file with the extension of .docx or .xlsx, this is an Office 2007 XML file and you can’t open it using an earlier version of MS Office.  To solve this go to and in the Search box type these words: Office 2007 compatibility pack

Hit Enter.

 Choose the first or second links you are offered.  Click on Download and then Save.  It is best to save it to your Desktop.

 When the file (called FileFormatConverters.exe) is saved to your hard disk, double-click on it to install it.  You should now normally be able to open these files (caveat: some features of Office 2007 documents may be lost).

 Office 2007 can be set to save files in the formats used by earlier versions of Office.  You can do this individually using the Save As dialog and save the file as type Word 97-2003 (or Excel 97-2003 as the case may be) or you can set Office 2007 to do this as default.  Here’s how:

 Click the Office button, (that funny round thing) then the (Word/Excel etc) Options button, and select Save in the left pane. Choose Word 97-2003 Document (*.doc) from the Save Files In This Format drop-down list. OK out.

 When you save a file that was originally created in the new format in the older version, you may get a message advising that some of the formatting and features will be lost.

 This should not be a problem for normal reports, essays, simple spreadsheets etc.

MS Publisher 2010 Won't Save As PDF

This can be caused by it objecting to one of the images in your file.  Right-click on any image (any one will do) and choose Properties.  Then choose Compress all images.  This should solve the problem.  Make sure any new images you add are also compressesd.

How Did That Happen?

Somehow someone, who was running Windows 98, managed to get Netsky-P virus infecting the file Temporary Internet Files/Content IE5/index.dat.

Norton AV found the file, denied access to it but could not quarantine or delete it.  Every time Windows was started the virus warning appeared, and every time IE was started, the same happened.  The file could be seen in the filesystem, but it was impossible to delete it from Windows.  Clearing the Internet history and cache had no effect either.

The answer was to boot into DOS and delete it from there:-

cd to Windows, then dir /a or you will not see the folder at all!

To cd to Content IE5 you must put a dot, like so:


then dir /a again.

index.dat will be listed as INDEX  DAT

Type del INDEX.DAT and the file will be deleted.

When you restart Windows the file will be recreated.

This file holds all the history of your browsing - everything you have ever done.  So it may slow you down to remove it, but do you really want all your history to be kept for anyone to read?

The solution - use Firefox!

Some Internet Explorer 6 hints

How to open two IE6 windows from shortcuts so that one does not close the others.

In IE menu, click Tools, Internet Options open

Remove tick from “Reuse windows for opening shortcuts”

(Thanks to Tech Support Guy for this tip)

How to make IE default browser: (do you want to do that?)

In IE menu, click Tools, Internet Options, open Programs tab.

Tick the option which says "Internet Explorer should check to see whether it is the default browser"

Click "OK".

Restart IE.

It will ask "Would you like to make Internet Explorer  your default browser?" Click Yes.

To make Firefox the default browser

In the Firefox menu, click Tools, Options.

It will open in the General tab.

Tick “Firefox should check to see if it is the default browser when starting”.  Close Firefox and reopen it.

Windows 2000 changes your user profile to user.profile.bak

This can cause real excitement if it happens and you do not know it has - any shortcut that points to say C:\Documents and Settings\fredbloggs\MyDocuments\whatever will not find what it is looking for if it has ended up in C:Documents and Settings\fredbloggs.bak\MyDocuments\whatever.

Log in as Administrator if this is a user profile, or create a new Administrator account if this happens to the Administrator profile.  Remove the ".bak" from the profile name, and log back in as the affected user.  This should solve the problem.  If you have any doubts about this, make a backup of the profile first.

Connect Windows Vista Home Premium to a Samba Server

This involves (arrrgh!) a Registry edit - careful !!

Click Start
Type: regedit  and hit Enter

In the left pane expand this folder:


In the left column click on the folder named Lsa

In the right column double-click on LmCompatibilityLevel
Type the number 1 and hit enter 
Now you have to restart  the computer.

This does affect the security of the machine but if it is on a private network it is not much to worry about.

Now you only have to work out to connect the machine to your network/server and that is another story!!

You need to turn off Network Discovery if you can, but if you have Norton installed this may not be possible. 


Windows XP runs Checkdisk on boot, but finds no errors.

To stop it doing this, run cmd then type

chkntfs /x e: (or whatever the letter is of the drive that is causing the problem)
Or, in Safe Mode:


Portrait Orientation on a Laptop Screen

If you accidentally get into portrait mode the way out is to right-click on the desktop and choose Properties: It should be a setting in there.

Some Useful Windows Keyboard Shortcut Keys

Ctrl + C - Cut
Ctrl + V - Paste
Ctrl + P - Print

Windows Key + E - opens Windows Explorer
Windows Key + M - Minimises all open windows

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